My research lies at the intersection of three main topics: labor market dynamics and inequality, the changing nature of work and occupations, and relationships at work. I mostly take a qualitative approach in my research and enjoy reflecting on qualitative methods more broadly.


Anteby, Michel* and Audrey L. Holm* (2021). Translating Expertise across Work Contexts: U.S. Puppeteers Move from Stage to Screen. American Sociological Review.

*Equal contribution of authors

Grodal, Stine, Michel Anteby and Audrey L. Holm (2020). Achieving Rigor in Qualitative Analysis: The Role of Active Categorization in Theory Building. Academy of Management Review.

Click here for Stine Grodal's interview about this paper in the AMR Origins Series Episode 3.

Research in progress

Holm, Audrey L. “Jurisdictional deflection in social justice occupations: How reentry counselors uphold professional ideals” – Ethnographic study to understand the conditions under which workforce intermediaries help returning citizens transition from prison to work roles (data analysis & initial draft)

Holm, Audrey L. “Social Support, Callings and Resilience” – Theory paper exploring the role of social support and communities in jobs experienced as a calling

Holm, Audrey L. “Reentry, Employment and Persisting Inequality: Understanding the experiences of formerly incarcerated jobseekers with work reentry organizations” (data collection)

Research Overview

Labor Market Challenges & Inequality

In my dissertation, I examine how workforce intermediaries - individuals who support jobseekers in their job search - help their unemployed clients. I analyze interviews, observations and archives associated with back-to-work programs for formerly incarcerated people. This work fits in a broader research agenda examining labor market dynamics, career transitions and inequality. Future research in this stream will continue to focus on the practices and processes that occur at the level of jobseekers, job-givers and intermediaries.

Shifting Occupational Dynamics

As employment structures become more flexible and new technologies continue to shape the workplace, individuals are adjusting their knowledge, expertise and practices to new models of work. I especially focus on how individuals experience the changes and challenges that occur in their occupations.

Relationships, Meaning and Change

I am particularly interested in how relationships at work affect individuals' willingness and ability to change their environment, as well as their responses to hardships and change. This theoretical interest is influenced by scholarship on relationships at work, counter-normative behaviors and the meaning of work.